From On the Colorado Scene
November 4, 2019: Noting the 40th anniversary of the beginning
of the Iran hostage crisis and the upcoming Veteran's Day.
Wait. Did our Fort Logan
guide just say he
was a hostage in Iran?
About this time as he spoke to the Greeeley group at Fort Logan
National Cemetery, James O'Neal Hughes casually mentioned he had served in Vietnam and was a hostage in Iran.
In May 2018,
shortly before Memorial Day, I joined a "Life After Loss" group of 11 mostly senior citizens from Greeley on their
trip to Fort Logan National Cemetery in Denver.
It was going to be a nice little story about the group's tour of the national cemetery
I had been to many times.
My parents -- Jerry, a World War II P-38 fighter pilot who flew 67 combat missions in the Pacific Theater;
and mother, Marian, who worked during the war packing parachutes in Milwaukee -- are buried together at Fort Logan.
But this time, I was
with a group on a trip put together by Greeley's Adamson Life Celebration Home and was planning to write about what the visitors
from saw and heard on their official tour.
We rode down from Greeley in a van and met up at the administration building with our
tour guide, a Fort Logan staff assistant.
He was introduced as "O'Neal."
The word was, that's what he goes by on the job.
His head was shaved, and his goatee was graying. At the start of the tour, his dark Fort Logan
jacket was zipped just far enough to partially obscure the credentials on the end of the lanyard hanging around his neck.
His dry sense of humor was part of his narration, so the Greeley contingent supplied a laugh track throughout.
The tour's second stop was in Section N, along Sheridan Boulevard in Fort Logan's northwest corner.
There, "O'Neal" stood among the oldest graves on the 214-acre site, which date back to 1889, when Fort Logan was
a new military installation and long before its 1950 designation as a national cemetery.
rattled off considerable general information about the cemetery, where veterans and their spouses are buried free of charge.
Eventually, he said the most visited grave in recent years is that of Navy SEAL Danny Dietz, from
Littleton, who was killed in a firefight with Taliban forces in 2005 in Afghanistan and was a prime figure in the 2014 film,
"Lone Survivor." O'Neal also noted two posthumous Medal of Honor recipients from the Vietnam era, Major William
E. Adams and First Sergeant Maximo Yabes, also are among those buried.
James O'Neal Hughes speaking to the "Life
After Loss" group from Greeley.
asks who's famous here," he told the group. "I say everybody here is famous. You put your hand in the air, whether
you were drafted or not. Spouses are famous, too, because it's hard on the spouse. Like I spent two years in Vietnam. I was
already married. I spent some time as a hostage in Iran and I was married. So I could imagine what my wife was going through
during those times."
Within moments, we were climbing back into the three oversized
golf carts, moving on to the next stop.
I asked the others in my cart: Had I heard right? Did O'Neal
just say he was a hostage in Iran?
He sure had.
The guide's real name is James O'Neal Hughes. I quickly figured that out on my smartphone
and in a brief communication with writer-editor Dan England. "O'Neal" would confirm that later.
On November 4, 1979 -- or 40 years ago last Monday as I write this -- Hughes was an Air Force
staff sergeant, Vietnam veteran and intelligence assistant who was one of 65 hostages taken during the storming of the U.S.
Embassy in Tehran.
I hadn't known that when our tour started at one of the committal shelters.
Then, he still was "O'Neal."
He explained Fort
Logan doesn't have graveside services, and the ceremonies at the committal shelters are limited to 20 minutes. He also explained
about 70 percent of the burials now involve cremation containers rather than caskets.
I first started here, back when we had wooden shovels, it was only about 10 percent," he said.
at the oldest section, Section N, "O'Neal" first gestured in a sweeping motion and noted the wide variety of headstones
there. He explained that the carefully aligned upright white marble headstones became universal in the late 1950s. He said
about 135,000 were buried or interred at Fort Logan and the cemetery averaged about 20 services a day.
also plugged the upcoming 2018 Memorial Day ceremony on May 28 and said it took volunteers about two-and-a-half hours to place
U.S. flags at every grave in advance of the weekend.
For many years on Memorial Day weekend, we had placed flowers next to the flag at our
That's when he mentioned his service in Vietnam and being a hostage in Iran.
the Columbarium mausoleum area, one of the newer options at Fort Logan, Hughes ran down the possibilities for terms of endearment
on headstones and the choices involving casket burials and cremations. The only cost for veterans and their families are the
services from the funeral homes involved.
In the nearby all-dirt area, workers had dug a hole for
a cremation vault that would arrive after a service later in the day. "We just started this section Monday," he
In the same area, several new headstones already were in place and worker Gabriel Arguello
was painstakingly settling the marble headstone of Air Force vet Richard W. Laugesen, a prominent Denver attorney who died
in March 2018, into the ground, before replacing the dirt around it. The group marveled at his meticulousness.
"I've set over 12,000 headstones," Arguello said.
new graves in the area still had temporary cards, identifying the deceased. Soon, they also would have headstones and the
grass would be replaced. Then, as time marched on, the next wave of burials would be in another section.
estimated there was enough space still available for about 30 more years of burials, and noted the then-imminent November
2018 opening of Pikes Peak National Cemetery in Colorado Springs would eliminate some of the pressure.
last stop was the shop were the marble headstones are created.
Back at the Administration
Building, Hughes bid his farewells.
"OK, guys," he said. "I hope I answered all
He handed out the Fort Logan fact sheets.
hope this won't contradict too much of what I said," he added with a smile.
tour was over.
"I enjoy educating people and talking to them about the services that are available
here and about honoring the veteran and the spouse for their honorable service," Hughes told me.
is just part of his job, he explained. He had been working at Fort Logan since 1997.
do anything from budget to administrative work," he said.
Sensing more questions
were coming, he headed them off. Although I had introduced myself and he knew I was with the folks from Greeley to do a story,
he clearly didn't want this to become an "interview."
"I'm not much of a talker," he said.
his two-hour tour narration, that was a curious remark. Did that mean he didn't like to talk about Vietnam and Iran?
"I don't like to talk about it," he said. "I just don't."
then, though, with friendships made and gratitude from the group obvious, he at least would confirm his real name.
* * *
A New Orleans native, James O'Neal Hughes in 2019 is 70
years old and lives in Aurora. He retired as an Air Force master sergeant in 1992.
1979, Iranian captors released Hughes and 12 other African-American or female hostages 16 days into what became known as the
Iran Hostage Crisis. The cited reason was sympathy for suppressed minorities in the U.S. While in captivity, they were fed
only bread, goat cheese and rice.
Belatedly, in August 2012, Hughes was awarded the Defense
Department's Prisoner of War Medal in a ceremony at - where else? - Fort Logan. In an interview with Richelle Taylor, a public
affairs specialist with the National Cemetery Administration, Hughes noted he hadn't endorsed the circumstances of his release.
"The attempt by the Iranians to divide along gender and racial lines did not set well with
me," he said. "Part of my mental health treatment was dealing with the guilt of leaving others behind."
He also told Taylor he initially believed the crisis would be short-lived, perhaps ending in a
"After being searched, tied up and blindfolded, and marched out of the embassy,
I understood that it was something different," he said. "During long periods of isolation I would have thoughts
of never seeing my family again and that I would die blindfolded and tied to a chair."
the release of the 13, the remaining 52 American diplomats and citizens ultimately were held for a total of 444 days, until
they were released on January 20, 1981 - the day Ronald Reagan was inaugurated, succeeding Jimmy Carter as president.
Hughes, one of the early releases, told the Greeley group he planned to be buried at Fort Logan.
"I tell my wife, don't spend a lot of money on me," he said. "Cremate me. Put me
in the ground. And then go find two 30-year-olds and go on a cruise."
On the way back to Greeley, we stopped at the Cracker Barrel.
There, the tour group members told me how inspired they had been by "O'Neal"
and what he had told them.
To "O'Neal" ...
and all the veterans.